Military Part 4

Why Chinese submarines could soon be quieter than US ones

04 July, 2017

  • The US Navy’s Pacific fleet used to mock Chinese submarines for being too noisy and too easy to detect, but that has largely been remedied in recent years and China is now on the cusp of taking the lead in a cutting-edge propulsion technology. In a recent interview with China Central Television, Rear Admiral Ma Weiming, a leading Chinese naval engineer, showed a component of a new Integrated Electrical Propulsion System (IEPS) for naval warships in a laboratory. He said the system, which turns all the engine’s output into electricity, and a rim-driven pump-jet had been fitted to the People’s Liberation Army Navy’s newest nuclear submarines. Ma told CCTV “the ultimate goal” of developing the new propulsion system “was aimed at solving the problem of deploying high-energy radio-frequency (HERF) weapons on board”, hinting that China was close to emulating the US in that regard. HERF, a form of directed-energy weapon, can fire highly focused energy at a target, damaging it accurately and quickly. Directed-energy weapons require vast amount of electricity – something IEPS can deliver – and can counter the threats posed by fast missiles such as ballistic missiles, hypersonic cruise missiles and hypersonic glide vehicles. Besides China, the US, Russia and India are also developing them.

US Naval Operations Chief: ‘Our Advantage is Shrinking’


  • The US Navy must expand its fleet to improve readiness against adversaries such as Russia, Iran and China, Chief of Naval Operations Adm. John Richardson said.

With a 30m wingspan and 2,450km range, this surveillance plane can cover the entire South China Sea

02 July, 2017

  • The launch of a new medium-to-long-range maritime reconnaissance aircraft is set take China’s surveillance capabilities to unprecedented heights, though experts have mixed views on how the aircraft will be received by the country’s neighbours. With a wingspan of about 30 metres and maximum range of 2,450km, it has the capacity, at least in theory, to monitor and respond to incidents across the whole of the South China Sea, China Ocean News reported.

China’s strategy protecting own territory, while increasing military presence within disputed waters

July 3, 2017

  • Due to its proximity to the battlefield, China is in the perfect location to implement an anti-access/area denial (A2AD) strategy for its own territory. According to the report China’s A2AD and its Geographic Perspective, the military’s ability to protect the region has increased dramatically in recent times. In addition to creating “unsinkable aircraft carriers” in its own territory, China continues to rapidly expand and build its military presence within disputed waters.

Chinese Cruiser or Destroyer ? Full Details on PLAN’s First Type 055

29 June 2017

  • The large size of Type 055 (close to a cruiser class) is therefore more the result of the need to have a ship with sufficient endurance for global non-stop presence (remember that China does not have a single naval bases operational other than on its coasts). It is also a direct consequence of the good scalability of the platform. It should be noted that NATO has already classified Type 055 in the category of cruiser (CG). The classification of the vessel defined by the Chinese Navy is clear and unambiguous however: A destroyer, and that is how it should be considered.

Chinese Military’s Secret Weapon Against U.S.


  • But comparing the raw numbers is misleading in a number of ways. Some of these are relatively well known: for example, it is generally acknowledged that America is a global power with its military assets dispersed around the world, while China can concentrate its armed forces in Asia. Similarly, military spending fails to account for what is often called the “tyranny of distance.” That is, to project military power in Asia, the United States must cross the largest ocean in the world. By contrast, China is located in the center of the action. And, as anyone who works in Washington understands, proximity to power is a power unto itself. Being so close to the battlefield also enables China to implement an anti-access/area denial (A2/AD) strategy by using [6] its territory to deploy large amounts of missiles, aircraft, surveillance systems and radar. In effect, these are unsinkable aircraft carriers. Since 2001, the cost per service member in the active-duty force has increased by 41 percent, excluding war funding and adjusting for inflation. If personnel costs continue growing at that rate and the overall defense budget grows with inflation, military personnel costs will consume the entire defense budget by 2039.

South China Sea outposts readying for Beijing’s missiles

June 30, 2017

  • Major construction on Beijing’s three biggest outposts in the South China Sea are readying them for deployment of military assets like missile launchers, a U.S. think-tank reported. The construction in the contested Spratly Islands — Subi, Mischief and Fiery Cross reefs — “is wrapping up, with the naval, air, radar and defensive facilities…largely complete,” said the Washington-based Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative in a recent report. The initiative is part of the Center for Strategic and International Studies. The initiative said, “Beijing can now deploy military assets, including combat aircraft and mobile missile launchers, to the Spratly Islands at any time.” The think tank also noted that construction was underway on large underground structures that are likely to house munitions or other materials.

North Korean, Russian, Chinese Missile Tech Advances Raise Threat to US


  • The development of ballistic and cruise missile technology around the world has raised the potential threat level faced by Washington, even if the projectiles don’t carry nuclear warheads, according to a new US Defense Department report. Missiles have seen “dramatic improvements” in location targeting, which “allows them to be used effectively with conventional warheads,” according to a National Air and Space Intelligence Center assessment shared with Bloomberg News prior to its public release. The aerial weapons are widely viewed internationally as “cost-effective weapons and symbols of national power,” the report said.

China’s navy launches latest-generation destroyer

Jun 28, 2017

  • China’s increasingly powerful navy launched its most advanced domestically produced destroyer on Wednesday, at a time of rising competition with other naval powers such as the United States, Japan and India. The first 10,000-ton Type 055 entered the water at Shanghai’s Jiangnan Shipyard on Wednesday morning, the navy said in a statement. It said the ship is equipped with the latest air, missile, ship and submarine defense systems. China is believed to be planning to produce four of the ships.

Has China developed the world’s most powerful submarine detector?

24 June, 2017

  • Chinese scientists claim to have made a major breakthrough in magnetic detection technology that could bring unprecedented accuracy to the process of finding hidden metallic objects – from minerals to submarines. The Chinese Academy of Sciences, the country’s largest research institute, said in an article on its website on Wednesday that a “superconductive magnetic anomaly detection array” has been developed in Shanghai and passed inspection by an expert panel.

Chinese Sub-Hunting Aircraft, Drones Now Patrolling South China Sea


  • Satellite imagery acquired by Defense News indicates unmanned aircraft and China’s newest Y-8X maritime patrol aircraft – equipped with a seven-meter long Magnetic Anamoly Detector to detect magnetic signatures of submarine hulls – have been deployed to Hainan Island, on the fringes of the South China Sea. Photos snapped by commercial firm DigitalGlobe on May 10 and May 20 show four sub-hunters, three Harbin BZK-005 recon unmanned aerial vehicles and two KJ-500 early warning jets parked at Lingshui Air Base on Hainan Island. The Y-8X aircraft were put into service in 2015 but haven’t been documented at Lingshui until now. DigitalGlobe has active partnerships with Facebook, Uber, Esri and Mapbox, according to the company’s website.

Raytheon Invests in Technology to Meet Hypersonic Threats

Jun 20, 2017

  • As China and Russia continue to demonstrate rapid progress in development of hypersonic strike weapons, the U.S.’s largest guided-missile company says technology to counter the threat is already achievable but that fielding a system requires sustained funding and a national sense of urgency. By developing a combination of boost-glide and air-breathing hypersonic weapons that can effectively defeat today’s strategic air and space defense systems, he says, China and Russia’s move is “destroying the triad-based” deterrence balance of power. The “triad” is the ability to deliver strategic nuclear weapons via land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), bombers, and submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs). The triple delivery method increases deterrence by ensuring the survival of sufficient forces to launch a second strike.

Pentagon report highlights Chinese submarine buildup

June 20, 2017

  • The increasing size of the People’s Liberation Army Navy fleet of surface vessels captures most international attention, based on the sheer numbers and advanced weapons on an array of new warships. Most of China’s submarines are older and relatively noisy – and thus easy to detect, track and destroy by US attack submarines. But the force is being upgraded and made more lethal by the introduction of new submarines armed either with nuclear or cruise missiles. “From the strategic developments of the new Type 096 ballistic missile submarine to the continued serial production of the world’s largest anti-ship cruise missile submarine force,” Fanell says, “make no mistake: China’s long term goal is to displace the US Navy as the largest and most capable submarine force in the world.”

China Donates Military Equipment to Serbian Army

Jun 21, 2017

  • The Serbian Army on Tuesday received military equipment worth around 900,000 euros (1 million US dollars) donated by China. A total of 16 rubber boats with outboard engines, five snowmobiles and 10 portable devices for detecting explosives and narcotics were donated to the Serbian army at the military barracks in Pancevo.

American and Chinese aircraft could be flying 4,000 miles per hour by 2030

June 16, 2017

  • China, however, is developing some major competition in this same hypersonic race. There are two separate projects. For one, CASIC debuted the Teng Yun spacecraft design during the Global Space Exploration 2017 (GLEX 2017) conference in Beijing. The DSTO Teng Yun would have a combined weight of 100-150 tons. The first stage is a Mach 6 hypersonic ‘carrier’ aircraft, with TRCC engines that can fly to altitudes of 18 to 25 miles. Unlike the XS-1, the Teng Yun’s second stage is a reusable, 10-15-ton rocket-powered spaceplane capable of carrying either 2 tons of cargo or 5 passengers. CASIC Vice President Liu Shiquan said that company has finished technology demonstration of key Teng Yun flight technology (like, you know the engine), and looks to have the two-stage space plane flying by 2030, as part of a $16 billion research effort.

China, Finland willing to advance military cooperation


  • Finnish President Sauli Niinisto met with Fan Changlong, vice chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC) of China on Friday, and they expressed interest in further strengthening bilateral military cooperation. Finland and China has established a future-oriented new-type cooperative partnership in recent years, said the Finnish president, stressing that the two countries share similar positions on global issues like free trade and climate change.

Iranian, Chinese navy vessels to conduct joint drill

17 June 2017

  • A joint military exercise between navy vessels of Iran and China will be held on Sunday in the Strait of Hormuz. The Chinese Navy fleet, which moored at Bandar Abbas port on Thursday morning, will take part in a joint naval drill together with Iran’s Navy ships in waters of Islamic Republic of Iran.

Armor: China Quietly Takes The Lead

June 14, 2017

  • The new Chinese ZTQ light tank has shown up in Tibet, equipping army units on the Indian border. Earlier in 2017 ZTQs were seen near the Vietnam border. What is different now is that the Chinese military is officially recognizing the existence of the ZTQ and has even given it a name; Xinqingtan. The ZTQ replaces the 21 ton Type 62 (WZ131) that entered service in the 1960s and some are still used as a light reconnaissance tank. The Type 62 looked like a scaled down Russian T-55 (or Chinese clone the Type 59) with much thinner armor (35mm/1.4 inches in the front). This provided protection from most artillery fragments as well as most machine-gun fires. The Type 62 had a four man crew and an 85mm gun. Over 1,500 were built before production ceased in 1989. There were stories in Chinese media during 2013 indicating that the Type 62 was being retired and some officers were not happy with that because at the time there was no replacement.

China Develops Prototype of Microwave Photonics-based Radar

Jun 14, 2017

  • China has developed its first prototype of microwave photonics-based radar and completed the imaging test, which analysts said could revolutionize the imaging performance and applications of the radar system and enhance the country’s national security. In the external field tests on aircraft including Boeing 737, the microwave photonics-based radar prototype which adopts the bistatic radar system and photon structure can clearly identify the structural details of the objects including the aircraft engine, tail section and flap track, the Institute of Electronics under the Chinese Academy of Sciences said in a statement on its website on Monday.

PLA schools to expand recruitment, help China win information war


  • Eight new military-affiliated academies will start recruiting high school graduates this fall for the first time following the launch of military academy reforms in 2016, which experts said would help China win the information war. The eight new academies merged with other universities and academies, with six belonging to the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) ground force, the Legal Mirror reported.

China builds fighter hangars and fixed weapons positions on South China Sea outposts, US says

07 June, 2017

  • Once facilities are complete, Beijing will have capacity for up to three regiments of fighters in the Spratly Islands, according to Pentagon report. China was constructing 24 fighter-sized hangars, fixed-weapons positions and other military-related infrastructure on each of three major Chinese-occupied features in the disputed South China Sea as of late last year, the US Defence Department said on Tuesday. “China’s Spratly Islands outpost expansion effort is currently focused on building out the land-based capabilities of its three largest outposts – Fiery Cross, Subi and Mischief Reefs – after completion of its four smaller outposts early in 2016,” the Pentagon said in an annual report to Congress on military and security developments involving China. “Once all these facilities are complete, China will have the capacity to house up to three regiments of fighters in the Spratly Islands,” whose ownership is disputed between Beijing and its smaller neighbours such as the Philippines and Vietnam, the report said.

China’s new submarine engine is poised to revolutionize underwater warfare

June 2, 2017

  • This month, Chinese state TV channel CCTV 13 broadcast an interview with a top Chinese naval engineer, Rear Admiral Ma Weiming. The admiral is notably responsible for the development of multiple Chinese naval electromagnetic programs, including the electromagnetic catapult and railguns. In the interview, he stated that the PLAN is fitting its newest nuclear attack submarines with a “shaftless” rim-driven pumpjet, a revolutionary and silent propulsion system. A rim-driven pumpjet has a ring-shaped electrical motor inside the pumpjet shroud, which turns the vane rotor (a vane rotor has the fan blades attached to a rotating band built on a cylinder interior, as opposed to a propeller shaft) inside the pumpjet cavity to create thrust. Previous submarine pumpjets are “shrouded propellers,” which consist of a tubular nozzle covering the propeller. By removing the shaft of the propeller, the reduction in the number of moving parts decreases the noise made by the pumpjet, as well as saving hull space. Civilian manufacturers also claim that rim driven pumpjets are easier to maintain, and have less cavitation (bubbles that form during propeller movement), making them even more quiet.

South China Sea: Underwater ‘observation station’ planned by Beijing

June 1, 2017

  • BEIJING is building an underwater observation system across the disputed East and South China seas in a move which could heighten tensions across the region. According to State broadcaster CCTV, the “networks will also serve as a platform to provide long-term observation data and support experiments in the research of the maritime environments of the two seas.” The $400 million project has already sparked some concerns that it could be used detect the movement of foreign ships and feed information back to China.

How China’s Growing Naval Fleet Is Shaping Global Politics

June 1, 2017

  • Ship by ship, port by port, China has over the past two decades been assembling one of the essential engines of global power: a modern navy capable of projecting force far from home. China’s “blue water” navy — and how to respond to it — will be on the minds of Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull, U.S. Defense Secretary James Mattis and others gathering in Singapore this weekend for Asia’s most high-profile security conference, the Shangri-La Dialogue. From the East China Sea to the Horn of Africa, the growing presence of Chinese warships is already shaping world affairs, a trend that will only accelerate. “By 2030, the existence of a global Chinese navy will be an important, influential and fundamental fact of international politics,” said Patrick Cronin, director of the Center for a New American Security’s Asia-Pacific security program. The U.S. and its allies “need to begin preparing for a ‘risen China,’ rather than a rising China.”

Thailand, China vow to push forward all-round development of military ties


  • Thailand and China pledged here Tuesday to joint hands to push forward the all-round development of the military relations between the two countries. While meeting with Fang Fenghui, a member of China’s Central Military Commission (CMC) and chief of the Joint Staff Department under the CMC, Thai Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha said that the kingdom is ready to learn China’s experiences on reform, dovetail its national development strategy with the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative and deepen cooperation with China in all sectors.

Washington Invites Beijing to Hawaii’s RIMPAC Navy Drills, Despite Tensions


  • The US Navy hopes to welcome China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLA-N) at the Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) drills in 2018, even though Washington and Beijing have traded pointed jabs about the latter’s island-building in the South China Sea, which the US has slammed as illegal. Washington has adopted a more conciliatory policy toward China in the South China Sea, coinciding with US President Donald Trump’s increased reliance on Chinese leadership to mitigate the threat of a nuclear-capable North Korea. With one exception, on May 26, the Pentagon has rejected multiple admiral requests to conduct FONOPs, or freedom-of-navigation operations, in the sea.

China is developing a warship of naval theorists’ dreams

June 1, 2017

  • The Chinese navy is taking arsenal ships in a new direction—as giant submersibles. Post-Cold War naval theorists have long dreamed of recreating the old battleships’ power through massive “arsenal ships,” or warships carrying hundreds of guided missiles that could fire at land and sea targets. Now it looks like China wants to make that dream a reality. There are two concepts in circulation: one is a high-speed warship with much of its hull submerged but otherwise has a functional superstructure with defense weapons and radar, the other is almost completely submerged arsenal ship with two conning towers. The scale of the designs are significant; either ship would displace roughly about 20,000 tons at full load.

Beijing plans underwater observation system in South China Sea

May 30, 2017

  • China is planning to build a massive underwater observation system across the disputed East and South China seas, that experts say could be used to detect the movement of foreign ships and diminish the stealth capabilities of US submarines. According to state-run broadcaster CCTV, the monitoring networks will cost two billion yuan ($290 million) and “serve as a platform to provide long-term observation data and support experiments in the research of the maritime environments of the two seas.”

Ultrafast missile interceptor developed


  • China Aerospace Science and Industry Corp, one of the major defense contractors for the People’s Liberation Army, recently revealed that its Second Academy in Beijing has made a “new-generation aerospace defense missile” that incorporates top space technologies, and which it describes as one of the cornerstones of a world power’s strategic prowess. Although the introduction did not specify the anti-missile interceptor’s capabilities, experts said the descriptions “tens of kilometers” and “10 times faster than a bullet” indicate its range should be from 10 km to 100 km and its minimum velocity around 12,000 km/h — a typical bullet used by a handgun, the slowest of all bullets, normally travels about 1,200 km/h.

Anti-Terror Alliance: Philippines Seeks Military Cooperation With China, Russia


  • The Philippines could start cooperation on anti-terrorism with China and Russia within the framework of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and its Regional Antiterrorism Structure, Military analyst Alexander Perendzhiev told RIA Novosti.

We Know Our Stuff Ourselves: China to Bring Own Missiles to Army Games 2017


  • China’s missilemen will participate in the contest Keys to the Sky at the International Army Games 2017 with domestic equipment and missiles, Maj. Gen. Sergei Babakov, the commander of Russia’s Air Defense Missile Forces, said Saturday. The military official added that teams from Armenia, Belarus, Iran and Kazakhstan had already confirmed their participation in the final of the contest, which will take place at Ashuluk training area in Russia’s Astrakhan Region on July 30 — August 5.

Chinese navy ships visit Myanmar for joint exercises

May 20, 2017

  • The ships arrived in Yangon on Thursday for a four-day visit, spokesman Wu Qian said in remarks posted on the ministry’s website. Wu said China was willing to strengthen strategic communication and deepen cooperation with Myanmar, while making joint efforts to safeguard regional peace and stability and promote bilateral ties.

China, Russia Advancing Anti-Satellite Technology, US Intelligence Chief Says

May 18, 2017

  • Coats reported that both Russia and China “will continue to pursue a full range of antisatellite (ASAT) weapons as a means to reduce U.S. military effectiveness.” Some new Russian and Chinese ASAT weapons, including destructive systems, “will probably complete development in the next several years,” Coats added. “Russian military strategists likely view counterspace weapons as an integral part of broader aerospace defense rearmament and are very likely pursuing a diverse suite of capabilities to affect satellites in all orbital regimes.” China and Russia are advancing directed-energy (laser) weapons technologies for the purpose of fielding ASAT systems “that could blind or damage sensitive space-based optical sensors,” Coats said. “Russia is developing an airborne laser weapon for use against U.S. satellites. Russia and China continue to conduct sophisticated on-orbit satellite activities, such as rendezvous and proximity operations, at least some of which are likely intended to test dual-use technologies with inherent counterspace functionality.”

New Chinese attack helicopter makes maiden flight

May 18, 2017

  • China unveiled an indigenously developed attack helicopter on Thursday as it eyes a lucrative export market and ramps up an ambitious modernization program. The Z-19E, developed by the state-owned AVIC Harbin Aircraft Industry, took to the skies over the city of Harbin for its maiden flight, with images carried on state television.

‘To remain competitive, we must act now’: US navy chief says fleet needs to expand

May 16, 2017

  • “We are getting back into, after decades really, an era of maritime competition,” Richardson told reporters on the pier alongside the USS Coronado at the Changi naval base. “Some of these global powers, China, Russia, they’ve been growing, China in particular. They’re maturing in every dimension of power (and) at some point you turn to the sea to expand and continue to prosper.”

Army life: more gay-friendly in China than United States or Britain?

30 Jun 2017

  • With its uncompromising image, the People’s Liberation Army of China may seem an unlikely employer of choice for the country’s gay community. But it could be argued that the Chinese army is a less uncomfortable environment for gay people than Chinese society at large. That might sound surprising, since the country as a whole is not noted for its tolerance towards the LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender) community.

‘China Has Achieved Irreversible Shift in Balance of Power in South China Sea’


  • The Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) has published a comprehensive report detailing how the US might ‘deter China’ in Asia. Commenting on the report, respected Russian military observer Vasily Kashin explained that as far as the South China Sea is concerned, there is already very little Washington can do.

China’s military develops smartphone software that snitches on soldiers leaking sensitive information


  • The Chinese military is developing smartphone surveillance software that automatically alerts authorities if a soldier leaks sensitive information or uses their handset devices during blackout times. The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Daily reported on Sunday that the PLA Rocket Force introduced the mobile phone security platform to better regulate smart phone use in the military. The newspaper said the software can be installed or uninstalled remotely, ban access to specified websites, set restrictions on communication hours and screen for sensitive words.

Russia Surpasses US in Hypersonic Race; China to Test Hypersonic Scramjet Soon

May 07, 2017

  • Meanwhile, China is also planning to test a prototype combined-cycle hypersonic engine later this year in a bid to pave the way for the first demonstration of a full-scale propulsion system by 2025. If China’s test is successful, this will become the first hypersonic-powered vehicle or the first stage of a two-stage-to-orbit spaceplane, the Next Big Future reported. “We also developed a low-cost near-space science and technology flight test platform,” Lihong Chen, a professor at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said. Lihong also said that the first flight was successfully carried out, with key issues of the scramjet demonstrated at Mach 3.5-7 and altitudes of 15 to 30 kilometers.

Bangkok, Beijing Sign Contract on Delivery of First Submarine to Thailand


  • Thailand and China have signed a contract on the delivery of the first of three submarines that Thailand’s naval forces plan to purchase from Beijing over the course of the next 11 years, media reported Friday.

Duterte: Philippines, China can have military exercises in Sulu Sea

May 1, 2017

  • President Rodrigo Duterte told reporters on Monday that he is open to joint military exercises with China. “Yes, I said I agree. We can have joint exercises here in Mindanao, maybe in the Sulu Sea,” Duterte said after visiting a warship of the People’s Liberation Army Navy docked in Davao City for a port visit. Russia, which has also sent ships on goodwill visits to the Philippines, has also hinted at holding training exercises with the Philippines.

Made-in-China aircraft carrier launches in Dalian

April 25, 2017

  • China has launched its first aircraft carrier built entirely on its own, in a demonstration of the growing technical sophistication of its defence industries and determination to safeguard its maritime territorial claims and crucial trade routes. The 50,000-ton carrier was towed from its dockyard just after 9 a.m. Wednesday following a ceremony in the northern port city of Dalian, where its predecessor, the Soviet-built Liaoning, also underwent extensive refurbishing before being commissioned in 2012, the Ministry of National Defence said.

Singapore Navy’s port call in Qingdao reaffirms defence ties with China

April 24, 2017

  • Welcome ceremony by PLA(N) personnel and their military band for RSS Intrepid at Qingdao Naval Jetty / photo: The Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN)’s Formidable-class frigate, RSS Intrepid, is making a port call in Qingdao, China from 23 to 26 April 2017. During the port call, Colonel David Foo, Commanding Officer 171 Squadron, called on PLA(N)’s Rear-Admiral Bai Yaoping, Deputy Chief of Staff, North Sea Fleet, and will call on Rear-Admiral Wang Yu, Commandant of Naval Submarine Academy on 24 April.

Malaysia, China set up high-level defence cooperation committee

23 Apr 2017

  • Diplomatic relations and defence directions between Malaysia and China have been further enhanced with the setting up of a high-level committee among the two countries. The move was the outcome of a meeting with Chinese defence minister General Chang Wanquan during his three-day official visit to China, which began last Friday, Malaysia’s Defence Minister Hishammuddin Hussein said on Sunday (Apr 23).

China To Build New Aircraft Carriers, Naval Bases

April 21, 2017

  • China has plans to build more aircraft carriers and naval bases in various countries to strengthen its maritime capabilities. The bases are being planned for the six aircraft carriers. “China could have at least six aircraft carriers in the future,” a Chinese security expert was quoted by Global Times, as saying. “In the long run, China needs to develop its own aircraft carrier battle teams, with at least six aircraft carriers, maritime forces led by guided missile destroyers, as well as attack submarines.” Xu Guangyu, a senior advisor to the China Arms Control and Disarmament Association, said.

China Is Building The World’s Largest Nuclear Submarine Facility

Apr 21, 2017

  • Perhaps it is time to shift attention away from the “rally around the flag” diversion that is North Korea and pay some attention to China, which delighted by the ongoing geopolitical distractions is currently building the world’s largest submarine facility, which will be able to produce as many as four ultramodern nuclear submarines at a time. Starting later this year, China’s new submarine factory on the Yellow Sea will churn out nuclear-powered attack submarines (or SSNs) ensuring that the sub program of the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) will soon be a deadly global force. Once fully operational, the assembly line will enable China to at least match USN SSN production.

China’s Xi restructures military, consolidates control

Apr 19, 2017

  • Chinese President Xi Jinping has announced a military restructure of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) to transform it into a leaner fighting force with improved joint operations capability, state media said. Centered around a new, condensed structure of 84 military units, the reshuffle builds on Xi’s years-long efforts to modernize the PLA with greater emphasis on new capabilities including cyberspace, electronic and information warfare.

U.S. Marines arrive in Darwin for Australia, China exercises

Apr 17, 2017

  • U.S. Marines began arriving in Australia’s tropical north on Tuesday for a six-month deployment during which they will conduct exercises with Australian and visiting Chinese forces. The 25-year annual deployment program started by former U.S. President Barack Obama in 2011 is part of the U.S. “pivot” to Asia at a time of increased assertiveness by China.

First of Its Type: China to Test Next-Generation Hypersonic Engine


  • Chinese engineers from the Beijing Research Institute of Machinery are set to test a prototype combined-cycle hypersonic aircraft engine and first-stage carrier rockets later this year, Aviation Week reported.

China reveals hypersonic scramjet developments and plans

April 14, 2017

  • China has revealed the first known images of an indigenous scramjet test that it says was successfully conducted at speeds up to Mach 7 and altitudes up to 30 km, in December 2015. Studies of a folding-wing hypersonic boost-glide vehicle designed for deployment from a launcher at Mach 5 and 30-km altitude show dramatic changes in the center of pressure on release. Credit: China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology

Third China-made aircraft carrier could be nuclear-powered: expert

April 14, 2017

  • As China’s second aircraft carrier, and the country’s first domestically built carrier, approaches its launch, experts predict that the third China-made carrier will see dramatic breakthroughs, such as the use of nuclear power and the capability for an electromagnetic launch. Military expert Xu Guangyu made this forecast during an interview with BTV.

China Takes Wraps Off National Hypersonic Plan

Apr 10, 2017

  • For many years, any coherent view of China’s highly ambitious hypersonic research program, just like its mist-shrouded coastline, has been all but impossible to see from the outside world. However, following the apparent decision to reveal more about its latest hypersonic research activities, the fog is lifting for the first time over at least some of China’s test and development efforts in high-speed flight. What has come into view is a cohesive, nationwide hypersonic research

India, China navies stop suspected pirate attack on Pinoy-crewed vessel

April 9, 2017

  • Chinese navy ship supported by an Indian navy helicopter thwarted an attack on a Tuvalu-flagged merchant ship by suspected Somali pirates, India’s defense ministry said on Sunday. “Subsequently … a boarding party from the nearby Chinese Navy ship went on board the merchant ship, while the Indian Naval helicopter provided air cover for the operation.”

New Chinese PL-15 Missile is Designed to Destroy US Air Force Aerial Tankers

Apr 09, 2017

  • China is testing its new PL-15 long-range air-to-air missile (LRAAM) designed to shoot down defenseless U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy aerial tankers and airborne early warning and control aircraft (AEW&C) from as far away as 300 kilometers.

China and US agree to top military talks to head off close armed encounters

08 April, 2017

  • The armed forces of China and the United States will set up a new dialogue mechanism as a further step to minimise military confrontation. President Xi Jinping said both sides should make full use of the soon-to-be-established dialogue between the joint staffs of the two countries’ armed forces. Both militaries should also “improve the existing notification mechanism on military action and the code of unexpected encounters between their navies and air forces”, state-run Xinhua quoted Xi as saying.

China and Russia are Catching Up to the U.S. Military

April 5, 2017

  • America’s enemies are rapidly catching up and in some cases exceeding the United States in terms of military technology, according to a senior U.S. Navy official. In some cases, while it took the United States decades to master certain technologies, adversaries like Russia and China are mastering weapons such stealth aircraft and networked air defense systems much faster than expected. “What we have got to do, is we’ve got to begin to challenge ourselves and industry and the government in how do we attack those pieces that we have that have been broken by some of the advances that our adversaries have made,” Rear Adm. Mark Darrah, the Navy’s program executive officer for unmanned systems and strike weapons told the Navy League’s Sea, Air and Space symposium on April 4. “The bottom line is, right now, our adversaries are moving up a curve that is not linear.”

Thailand to buy more Chinese tanks, reportedly for $58M

April 4, 2017

  • Thailand has taken another step in a burgeoning arms trade with China, with the Thai government approving the purchase of more Chinese-built tanks. According to Thai government spokesman Sansern Kaewkamnerd, the cabinet has approved the acquisition of 10 more VT4 main battle tanks designed and built by China’s Norinco.

China’s Growing Military Ties With Nepal – Analysis

April 2, 2017

  • The Chinese Defence Minister and State Councillor General Chang Wanquan undertook a three-day official visit to Kathmandu from March 23 to 25, 2017. Chang led a 19-member high-level military delegation to both Sri Lanka and Nepal. During his sojourn in Nepal, he met President Bidhya Devi Bhandari, Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal, Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister Bimalendra Nidhi, Defence Minister Bal Krishna Khand, and Chief of Army Staff General Rajendra Chhetri. The visit saw China offer a grant assistance of USD 32.3 million to the Nepal Army (NA) for the purpose of strengthening its capacity to deal with natural calamities and providing it equipment for United Nations peacekeeping missions in high conflict zones. The latest grant is ten times higher than China’s previous military assistance to the NA in the post-Monarchy period. The visiting delegation also discussed holding the first ever military exercises by the armies of the two countries.

China’s Blue Navy Ambitions: Fast Bridging Gap With US Navy – Analysis

April 2, 2017

  • Any country with blue water navy dreams need carrier vessels (CVs) to pursue those dreams. And every CV that is in blue waters away from home requires replenishment of cargo and fuel. Sustained naval operations at far seas, especially of the aviation fleet, demand replenishment every 4-5 days, because it requires the CV to operate at maximum speeds for extended periods. Thus there is a strong need to have a replenishment vessel with comparable speeds to accompany the CV battle group (CVBG).

China, Switzerland pledge to advance military-to-military cooperation


  • Fan Changlong, vice chairman of China’s Central Military Commission, and Chang Wanquan, Chinese defense minister and state councilor, on Friday met separately with Guy Parmelin, head of the Swiss Federal Department of Defense, Civil Protection and Sport. Fan Changlong said China is willing to work with Switzerland to implement consensus reached by leaders of the two countries, enhance strategic communication, enrich military-to-military relations, and make positive contributions to the China-Switzerland innovative strategic partnership.

China, Serbia vow to strengthen comprehensive strategic partnership


  • China and Serbia vowed to strengthen their comprehensive strategic partnership during a visit by Serbian President Tomislav Nikolic on Thursday in Beijing. Chinese President Xi Jinping and his Serbian counterpart Nikolic attended a welcoming ceremony before talks at the Great Hall of the People. Xi said China wanted to enhance cooperation with Serbia in areas such as political and legislative affairs, agriculture, bio-pharmaceuticals and people-to-people exchanges.

China’s second aircraft carrier to be launched soon


  • China’s domestically-made aircraft carrier is currently being fitted out and will soon be launched, according to a spokesperson from China’s Ministry of National Defense, who gave no further details. Earlier reports suggested that the carrier might be launched on April 23, when China celebrates the founding day of the Chinese navy.

Analysis: The Pace of Chinese Military Modernization is Getting Attention at the Pentagon and in Congress – Warrior – Scout

Mar 29, 2017

  • The U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission is requesting expert proposals to provide a one-time unclassified report on China’s development of advanced weapons.

World’s largest amphibious aircraft to take maiden flight in May


  • The world’s largest amphibious aircraft, the China-made AG600, is expected to make its maiden flight over land in May, the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) announced on March 29. AVIC has spent almost eight years developing the AG600, which is roughly the size of a Boeing 737 and is designed to carry out marine rescues and battle forest fires. It has a maximum flight range of 4,500 km and a maximum take-off weight of 53.5 tons.

China building navy’s biggest amphibious assault vessel, sources say

29 March, 2017

  • China has started building a new generation of large amphibious assault vessels that will strengthen the navy as it plays a more dominant role in projecting the nation’s power overseas, military sources said. The 075 can serve as a form of aircraft carrier and military experts said it would give China’s navy the ability to launch various types of helicopters to attack naval vessels, enemy ground forces or submarines in the East or South China Sea.

America’s hidden role in Chinese weapons research

29 March, 2017

  • For more than a decade, China has been ramping up efforts to lure back talented scientists working at laboratories in the US linked to America’s nuclear weapons programme and other military research, as well as those working for Nasa and companies such as Lockheed Martin Space Systems and Boeing.

Heavy-lift helicopter qualifies for commercial operation


  • China’s first heavy-lift helicopter for civilian purposes, the AC313, successfully completed a test flight in heavy rain at the Lyumeng Airport in Jingdezhen, East China’s Jiangxi province on March 24, the last of its airworthiness tests. This was the first time for China’s domestically made large helicopter to test fly in heavy rain, and success shows that the 13-ton helicopter for civil use is capable of flying in complicated weather conditions.

Report: China’s man-made S.China Sea islands nearly complete

Mar. 28, 2017

  • A report from a U.S. think tank says China has nearly completed construction work on three man-made islands in the South China Sea, giving it the ability to deploy combat aircraft and other military assets to the disputed region. The Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies analyzed recent satellite photos and concluded that runways, aircraft hangers, radar sites and hardened surface-to-air missile shelters have either been finished or are nearing completion.

Thai Navy To Receive Three Chinese Submarines

March 24, 2017

  • Thailand’s navy will receive three submarines under Bt3.6 billion (US $104.2 million) worth agreement it signed with China. “It’s finally Chinese submarines for Thailand. But the government would pay for only two as the third one was ‘a free gift’,” Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha announced Wednesday. The three submarines are Yuan Class S26 T, which have been developed exclusively for Thailand based on China’s Yuan Class Type 039 A, The Nation reported Thursday.

Panel: Russia and China Practicing More Hybrid, Information Warfare

March 22, 2017

  • Russia and China are effectively using tools as old as propaganda and as current as viral social media messaging to sow distrust abroad and split alliances to gain their way, three expert witnesses in a new age of conflict told the House Armed Services Committee. Frank Hoffman of National Defense University said Wednesday these “gray zone measures” and also called hybrid warfare, would include aircraft buzzing warships and turning reefs into militarized islands was in a way “a return to Cold War tactics.”

Breaking down China’s electronic warfare tactics

March 22, 2017

  • In the wake of Russia’s demonstrations of advanced electromagnetic spectrum and communications jamming capabilities, most recently displayed in their incursion into Ukraine, China also is upping its game in this space, demonstrating similar capabilities in the Pacific. The U.S. Department of Defense, in an annual report to Congress on China’s military and security developments, assessed that the country is placing greater importance upon EW, on par with traditional domains of warfare such as air, ground and maritime.

Xi Urges PLA to Emphasize Science and Technology in Warfighting

Mar 20, 2017

  • Xi said efforts should be made to provide greater science and technology support for the PLA. He claims significant progress in combat readiness has been achieved since the 18th CPC National Congress in late 2012 when historic breakthrough in national defense and military reform were made. Xi is also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC).

Taiwan confirms China’s deployment of DF-16 missiles


  • Defense Minister Feng Shih-kuan (馮世寬) on Monday confirmed that there is a growing military threat from China, which he said has been deploying a new type of medium-range ballistic missiles capable of hitting Taiwan. Since 2016, China has been pushing military reform, including streamlining its armed forces to improve joint combat capabilities, Feng said in a report to the Legislature on Taiwan’s responses to the changing situation in East Asia since U.S. President Donald Trump took office.

Russia, China making gains on US military power


  • Russia and China are increasingly challenging the military superiority that the United States has held since the early 1990s. Since the end of the Cold War, America’s naval, air, land and space capabilities, paired with key bases in Europe and Asia, have created a strategic advantage over other major superpowers.

China Poses Threat to US, Ramps Up Missile R&D as PLA Works with Private Tech Firms

Mar 18, 2017

  • President Xi Jinping called for the People’s Liberation Army to collaborate with the private sector to develop their arsenal and take lessons from science and technology companies. The president’s order was expressed so that the PLA will fast track the application of the latest technologies in the army’s missiles and spy techniques.

5 Ways Russia and China Could Sink America’s Aircraft Carriers

March 18, 2017

  • Aircraft carriers have been the primary capital ship of naval combat since the 1940s, and remain the currency of modern naval power. But for nearly as long as carriers have existed, navies have developed plans to defeat them. The details of these plans have changed over time, but the principles remain the same. And some have argued that the balance of military technology is shifting irrevocably away from the carrier, driven primarily by Chinese and Russian innovation.

Can China leapfrog the US in the scramble for the world’s best aircraft carrier?

15 March, 2017

  • Rear Admiral Ma Weiming, a top engineer working on the project, said on the sidelines of the National People’s Congress on Monday that China had made breakthroughs in its advanced ­arresting gear (AAG) system designed to retrieve aircraft at sea, while the US had stumbled. “The Gerald Ford cancelled its AAG and reverted to its original [arresting wire] system. We have no such problem,” he said, referring to the US’ new class of aircraft carrier. He also said China’s electromagnetic aircraft launch system (EMALS) was more advanced than comparable US technology. “We have long overcome [all technical difficulties in EMALS]. I have ­already moved on from this [area of research and development],” he said. Saying he was just a scientific researcher, Ma declined to say when his advanced technologies would be installed on China’s homegrown carriers.

Bangladesh Navy Commissions Two Type 035G Diesel-Electric Submarines from China

15 March 2017

  • First ever in history Bangladesh Navy has inducted two submarines BNS Nobojatra’ andBNS Joyjatra’ to its fleet. Hon’ble Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina handed over commissioning warrants to the Commanding Officers of the two submarines and unveiled the name of plaques, Sunday (12-3-2017) through a ceremony as per naval tradition at the Naval Base BNS Issa khan in Chittagong.

China to boost marine corps by 400pc to enforce growing world influence

March 15, 2017

  • BEIJING is boosting its offensive force of rapid-deployment marines by 400 per cent amid plans to dramatically increase its military presence in the Indian Ocean. Chinese media is reporting the People’s Liberation Army’s ambitious new plans following the announcement of a 7 per cent increase to $AU200 billion in defence spending last week.

China ready to neutralise THAAD, retired PLA general says

13 March, 2017

  • China knew it might not be able to stop Seoul deploying a US anti-missile system and was prepared to counter with its own anti-radar equipment, a retired PLA general said on Monday. The comments by Wang Hongguang came as a South Korean court’s decision to uphold the impeachment of Park Geun-hye, the country’s former president, fanned hopes Seoul might put plans for the Terminal High Altitude Area ­Defence system on hold.

China to expand marine corps for deployment in Gwadar, Djibouti

March 13, 2017

  • China is set to increase the number of its marine corps from 20,000 to one lakh as part of plans to deploy them overseas for the first time, including at the strategic Gwadar port in Pakistan and military logistics base in Djibouti in the Indian Ocean. The expansion is planned to protect China’s maritime lifelines and its growing interests overseas, Hong-Kong based South China Morning Post reported on Monday.

Stealth fighter soon powered by local engines

March 13, 2017

  • A domestically developed engine will soon power the nation’s latest stealth fighter jet, according to a senior scientist working for Aero Engine Corp of China. “It will not take a long time for our fifth-generation combat plane to have China-made engines,” said Chen Xiangbao, vice-president of the AECC Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials. Chen, also a member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, was referring to the J-20 stealth fighter. “The engine’s development is proceeding well. We also have begun to design a next-generation aviation engine with a thrust-to-weight ratio that is much higher than that of current types,” he said. Thrust-to-weight ratio is considered the top indicator of an aviation engine’s capability.

Pakistan inducts advanced Chinese air defence system

March 12, 2017

  • Pakistan have inducted an advanced Chinese made LY-80 (LOMADS) Surface to Air missile defence system to secure its airspace from any sort of misadventure, a statement from the ISPR said. Chief of Army Staff Gen Qamar Bajwa, who was the chief guest on the occasion, said the defence system would enhance our capabilities to defend motherland.

China to intercept ‘intruding’ aircraft, follow military vessels amid efforts to strengthen navy

10 Mar, 2017

  • China is building a “first-class navy” which will intercept “intruding aircraft” and follow any military vessels traveling within its controlled areas, an official has stated, adding that sailors should “stay vigilant.” “We will intercept any intruding aircraft and follow every military vessel in areas under our responsibility,” Wang Weiming, deputy chief of staff of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy, told Xinhua on the sidelines of the annual session of the National People’s Congress (NPC). “Our sailors should stay vigilant and be able to deal with emergencies at all times,” he added.