Supercomputer

World’s biggest telescope meets world’s second fastest supercomputer

August 22, 2016

  • A prototype part of the software system to manage data from the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) telescope has run on the world’s second fastest supercomputer in China. The complete system, currently being designed by an international consortium, will process raw observations of distant stars and galaxies and turn them into a form that can be analysed by astronomers around the world. The successful deployment of the prototype science data processor execution framework on the Tianhe-2 supercomputer was conducted by an international team led by Professor Tao An from Shanghai Astronomical Observatory in China and Professor Wicenec in Western Australia.

http://phys.org/news/2016-08-world-biggest-telescope-fastest-supercomputer.html

China rockets to top of supercomputing charts with homegrown tech

August 12, 2016

  • China has jumped to the front ranks of the supercomputing powers, with its Sunway TaihuLight, powered by domestically developed chips, recently recognized as the fastest computer in the world. Furthermore, it was the first time for China to surpass the U.S. in the total number of systems on the list. The Sunway TaihuLight claimed the top slot on the latest edition of the Top500 list, which ranks supercomputers in terms of calculation speed. The Chinese computer also took the third spot on the Green500 list, which ranks the 500 fastest supercomputers by energy efficiency, or calculation speed per watt. Impressively, the Sunway TaihuLight also ranked second on the Graph500 list, which ranks supercomputers by their ability to handle data-intensive applications, such as big data analysis. The Chinese supercomputer also took the third spot in the High Performance Conjugate Gradient (HPCG) category, a computing metric that focuses on the ability to deal with complicated engineering problems.

http://asia.nikkei.com/Tech-Science/Tech/China-rockets-to-top-of-supercomputing-charts-with-homegrown-tech

China Building a Supercomputer Much Faster Than Current World Record Holder

Jul 28, 2016

  • Right in the heels of bagging the title for the fastest supercomputer in the world, Chinese scientists are already building a new machine that will vastly surpass their current record holder. Researchers from the National Supercomputer Center (NSC) in Tianjin and the National University of Defense Technology (NUDT) are currently working on a prototype for a next-generation supercomputer, CRI reported. The new machine is expected to be roughly 200 times faster than the Tianhe-1, China’s first petaflop computer unveiled in 2010;

http://en.yibada.com/articles/146160/20160728/china-building-supercomputer-much-faster-current-world-record-holder.htm

The fast, stunning rise of China’s supercomputer ecosystem which can translate into innovation leads in aircraft, cars, medicine, energy and military systems

July 22, 2016

  • China’s supercomputer accomplishment is far more significant than one computer coming in first. Other countries have done it in the past with what’s called “stunt” machines ― fast and powerful, but unable to apply it to anything. The stunning news here is that China created a High Performance Computing (HPC) “ecosystem” in an amazingly short period of time. Another important part of the Sunway TaihuLight announcement is that for the first time, the Chinese – built a 100 percent indigenous supercomputer. In an ironic twist, our scientists are trying to learn the recipe of the secret-sauce to the Chinese processor. China’s ecosystem also created the hardware and the middleware required to operate the computer.

http://www.nextbigfuture.com/2016/07/the-fast-stunning-rise-of-chinas.html

China will build three competing pre-exascale systems to select exaFLOP design

July 21, 2016

  • China is not betting solely on the Shenwei chips (used in worlds fastest supercomputer- 93 petaFLOPS), and apparently has plans to build three different pre-exascale systems with three very different architectures, according to some Tweets put out by James Lin, vice director for the Center of HPC at Shanghai Jiao Tong University. The three-way horse race for exascale machines in China will set up a horse race between three different organizations to build pre-exascale clusters based on ARM, Shenwei, and AMD (presumably Opteron) technologies. The first pre-exascale machine is being created by NUDT and will use ARM-based processors and will be deployed at the national supercomputer center in Tianjin where the Tianhe-1A CPU-GPU hybrid was deployed in 2010 and gave China its first top spot on the Top 500 rankings of supercomputers. There is no mention of using the Matrix2000 DSP accelerator with this system, but unless NUDT plans to create its own ARM chip with a homegrown floating point accelerator and embed it on the die, it stands to reason that this first pre-exascale machine will be an ARM-DSP hybrid.

http://www.nextbigfuture.com/2016/07/china-will-build-three-competing-pre.html

China loads up on chip technology with new ARM license

Jul 12 2016

http://www.computerworld.com/article/3094771/computer-hardware/china-loads-up-on-chip-technology-with-new-arm-license.html

China’s Triple Play For Pre-Exascale Systems

July 11, 2016

  • Before any country can deploy an exascale system, they have to get pre-exascale prototypes into the field to test out their underlying technologies and determine what approaches have the best chance of scaling up performance and being manufactured affordably. It looks like China is looking at three different pre-exascale systems, and none of them will deploy processors or accelerators made by US companies.

http://www.nextplatform.com/2016/07/11/chinas-triple-play-pre-exascale-systems/

World’s Fastest Supercomputer Now Has Chinese Chip Technology

June 20, 2016

  • In a threat to U.S. technology dominance, the world’s fastest supercomputer is powered by Chinese-designed semiconductors for the first time. It’s a breakthrough for China’s attempts to reduce dependence on imported technology. The Sunway TaihuLight supercomputer, located at the state-funded Chinese Supercomputing Center in Wuxi, Jiangsu province, is more than twice as powerful as the previous winner, according to TOP500, a research organization that compiles the rankings twice a year. The machine is powered by a SW26010 processor designed by Shanghai High Performance IC Design Center, TOP500 said Monday.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-06-20/world-s-fastest-supercomputer-now-has-chinese-chip-technology

China’s exascale supercomputer operational by 2020

Jun 16,2016

  • A supercomputer capable of at least a billion billion calculations per second will enter service by 2020, head of the school of computing at the National University of Defense Technology (NUDT) said on June 15. According to the national plan for the next generation of high performance computers, China will develop an exascale computer during the 13th Five-Year Plan period (2016-2020).

http://english.gov.cn/news/top_news/2016/06/16/content_281475373200996.htm

China will unveil a 100 petaflop supercomputer next month after investing $500 million to develop domestic chips after US ban on Intel Xeon exports to China

May 11, 2016

  • In 2015, the U.S. State Department blocked the further sales of Intel Xeon and Xeon Phi processors to Chinese institutions, most notably the Tianhe-2 supercomputer. The U.S. Administration also blocked the move in which a China-based investment fund would invest in AMD. Tianhe 2 has been the world’s fastest superconmputer since early 2013. Tianhe-2 has 32,000 Intel Xeon E5-2692 v2 processors, and 48,000 Intel Xeon Phi 31S1P co-processors. Tianhe-2 delivers a peak performance of 54.9 PFLOPS [petaFLOPS], and a sustained performance of 33.86 PFLOPS. What is little known is that Tianhe-2 is not a fully built supercomputer. In fact, Tianhe operated at a 50% capacity, as the original target for the system was 100 PFLOPS peak and 80 PFLOPS sustained.

http://www.nextbigfuture.com/2016/05/china-will-unveil-100-petaflop.html

100 PFLOPS: China’s Supercomputer Circumvents U.S. Sales Ban

April 13, 2016

  • A year ago, we revealed that the U.S. State Department blocked the further sales of Intel Xeon and Xeon Phi processors to Chinese institutions, most notably the Tianhe-2 supercomputer. The U.S. Administration also blocked the move in which a China-based investment fund would invest in AMD i.e. one of original reasons for Radeon Technologies Group – which is even without the said investment, performing above and beyond its financial capabilities. The reason to move against Tianhe-2 is complicated yet simple – ever since its debut in June 2013, the Tianhe-2 supercomputer from NUDT (National University for Defense Technologies) sits on top of the World’s 500 fastest computers list. From the looks of it, Tianhe-2 (the name translates to ‘Milky Way’) looks to keep on sitting on top even after we see the launch of U.S. supercomputers Summit and Sierra (IBM + Nvidia), as well as Aurora and Theta (Intel).

http://vrworld.com/2016/04/13/china-circumvents-us-sales-ban-tianhe-100-pflops/

China planning new supercomputer

2016-01-22

  • China is planning a supercomputer 1,000 times more powerful than its groundbreaking Tianhe-1A as it faces rising demand for next-generation computing. Meng Xiangfei, head of the applications department of the National Supercomputer Center, said on Friday that the center will release a prototype in 2017 or 2018 of an “exascale” computer — one capable of at least a billion billion calculations per second

http://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2016-01/22/content_23208161.htm

China nearly triples number of supercomputers, report says

17 November 2015

  • China has almost tripled its number of supercomputers, according to a reputable list of the world’s most powerful machines. The country has 109 high-performance computing systems on the biannual Top500 list of supercomputers, up 196% from 37 just six months ago. The most powerful supercomputer, China’s Tianhe-2, also retained the top spot for the sixth consecutive time.

http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-34840805

China Exclusive: China’s “magic cube” computer unlocks the future

2015-10-03

  • Using a supercomputer like a magic cube as tall as a two-story building, Chinese scientists want to calculate the future of the earth. They hope to calculate almost everything in natural earth systems from the growing of a cloud to the changes of climate hundreds or thousands of years in the future with the buzzing, blue “magic cube”, in the Zhongguancun Software Park in northern Beijing.

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2015-10/03/c_134681536.htm

China will have two 100 petaflop supercomputers in 2016 and they will use domestic chips

September 18, 2015

  • Within the next 12 months, China expects to be operating two 100 Petaflop computers, each containing (different) Chinese-made processors, and both coming online about a year before the United States’ 100 Petaflop machines being developed under the Coral initiative In a separate move to acquire mastery of microprocessor technologies, China’s state owned Tsinghua Unigroup has made a bid to acquire US semiconductor manufacturer Micron Technology for $23 billion, in what could be one of the biggest acquisitions of a US company by a Chinese firm.

http://www.nextbigfuture.com/2015/09/china-will-have-two-100-petaflop.html

China May Develop Two 100 Petaflop Machines Within a Year

August 26, 2015

  • Within the next 12 months, China expects to be operating not one but two 100 Petaflop computers, each containing (different) Chinese-made processors, and both coming online about a year before the United States’ 100 Petaflop machines being developed under the Coral initiative. Ironically, the CPU for one machine appears very similar to a technology abandoned by the USA in 2007, and the US Government, through its export embargo, has encouraged China to develop its own accelerator for the other machine.

http://insidehpc.com/2015/08/china-may-develop-two-100-petaflop-machines-within-a-year/

China’s supercomputer to support world’s largest radio telescope

2015-07-28

  • Supercomputer Skyeye-1, capable of a quadrillion computing operations per second, will support space exploration by the world’s largest radio telescope based in southwest China’s Guizhou Province. Assembly of the telescope, with a dish the size of 30 football fields and located deep in the mountains of Guizhou, has got underway, according to Dawning Information Industry Co., which participates in its construction. When it is completed in 2016, the five hundred meter aperture spherical telescope (FAST) will be the world’s largest, overtaking Puerto Rico’s Arecibo Observatory, which is only 300 meters in diameter.

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2015-07/28/c_134455055.htm

China developing new generation supercomputer

2015-07-12

  • Chinese tech company Dawning Information Industry has begun developing a new generation supercomputer that is capable of over a hundred thousand trillion computing operations per second, said Li Jun, the company’s president. But he denied reports that the dawning 7000, designed to better meet market demands for high-speed communication networks, large-scale storage and application software, will be launched within two years.

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2015-07/12/c_134405482.htm

China Intercepts U.S. Restrictions with Homegrown Supercomputer Chips

2015/07/15

  • When the U.S. blocked exports of Intel chips for key Chinese supercomputers the expectation was that it would do little more than hasten the development of native architectures, effectively pushing up the timeline for Chinese chipmakers to find their own solutions to large-scale computing without Intel. System designer for the multiple iterations of the Tianhe machines, Dr. Yutong Lu, revealed this week that the Tianhe-2 supercomputer, which raked in yet another number one placement by a long stretch on the bi-annual list of the top 500 most powerful supercomputers, will be receiving its upgrade in the following year. However, due to the trade restrictions, they won’t be boosting their supercomputer with more Xeon Phi cores. Rather, the novel architecture they developed will deliver the system the extra 45 petaflops it needs to continue its reign at the top of the list for the foreseeable future.

http://www.theplatform.net/2015/07/15/china-intercepts-u-s-intel-restrictions-with-homegrown-supercomputer-chips/

China retains supercomputing crown as U.S. representation lingers near historic lows

Jul 13, 2015

  • A supercomputer developed by China’s National Defense University remains the fastest publically known computer in the world while the U.S. is close to an historic low in the latest edition of the closely followed Top 500 supercomputer ranking, which was published on Monday. The Tianhe-2 computer, based at the National Super Computer Center in Guangzhou, has been on the top of the list for more than two years and its maximum achieved performance of 33,863 teraflops per second is almost double that of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Cray Titan supercomputer, which is at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee.

http://www.pcworld.com/article/2947432/china-retains-supercomputing-crown-in-latest-top-500-ranking.html

Computer beats human in IQ test for first time as machines start to understand words and sentences

17 June 201

  • A computer has beaten humans in IQ tests for the first time since programmers made a breakthrough to teach it the multiple meanings of words and sentences. A technological breakthrough made by programmers taking a new approach to language has helped the computers outperform humans in the verbal reasoning part of the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) test.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3127753/Computer-beats-human-IQ-test-time-machine-begins-learn-process-meaning-words.html

Tsinghua University Crowned Champions of 2015 ASC Student Supercomputer Challenge

May 27, 2015

  • On May 22, the final round of the 2015 ASC Student Supercomputer Challenge (ASC15), the largest supercomputer contest in the world, ended at Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan city, Shanxi province, China. Tsinghua University was the winner, National University of Defense Technology came second, Nanyang Technological University from Singapore scored highest on LINPACK, and Sun Yat-sen University obtained the e Prize Award. Application Innovation Awards were taken by Tsinghua University, National University of Defense Technology, National Tsinghua University and Shanghai Jiaotong University, and Best Presentation went to Taiyuan University of Technology.

https://www.hpcwire.com/off-the-wire/tsinghua-university-crowned-champions-of-2015-asc-student-supercomputer-challenge/

Deep Image: Scaling up Image Recognition

6 Jul 2015

  • We present a state-of-the-art image recognition system, Deep Image, developed using end-to-end deep learning. The key components are a custom-built supercomputer dedicated to deep learning, a highly optimized parallel algorithm using new strategies for data partitioning and communication, larger deep neural network models, novel data augmentation approaches, and usage of multi-scale high-resolution images. Our method achieves excellent results on multiple challenging computer vision benchmarks.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1501.02876

Neutrino experiment may help explain origin of universe

2015-05-13

  • Scientists may be one step closer to solving some of the biggest mysteries of the universe as a neutrino experiment in southern China returned promising results. A team from China’s National Supercomputer Center in Guangzhou using the world’s fastest supercomputer Tianhe-2 have completed a simulation involving three trillion neutrinos and dark matter particles.

http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2015-05/13/content_20709568.htm

China seeks homegrown expertise as U.S. bans supercomputer chip sales

2015-04-20

  • BEIJING, April 20 (Xinhua) — Chinese supercomputer builders have downplayed a U.S. government ban on selling Intel processors to China and said the ban may instead boost homegrown expertise. Lu Yutong, chief designer of Tianhe-2, currently the world’s most powerful supercomputer system, said the system will “definitely achieve its upgrade goal” despite the ban.
  • Chinese engineers had planned to upgrade Tianhe-2’s processing power from its current 55 petaflops per second (55,000 trillion calculations per second) to more than 100 petaflops in 2015.

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2015-04/20/c_134167402.htm

US Blocks Intel From Supplying Xeon Microprocessors For Chinese Supercomputers

April 11, 2015

  • Four Chinese supercomputing institutions were placed on U.S. government list in February, banning certain exports from the U.S. One of the institutions included is China’s National University of Defense Technology, which builds supercomputers Tianhe-1A and Tianhe-2, and TOP 500, the organization that monitors supercomputers around the globe, says these have been the most powerful machines in the world for the past 18 months.

http://www.techtimes.com/articles/45419/20150411/us-blocks-intel-from-supplying-xeon-microprocessors-for-chinese-supercomputers.htm

Zimbabwe: China Introduces Supercomputer to Zim

8 February 2015

  • A CHINESE-built supercomputer, with processing capacity of 36 trillion calculations per second, was commissioned last week in Zimbabwe, one of a very few African countries to equip with a supercomputer. The facility, housed in University of Zimbabwe, was provided by China’s leading personal computer and server manufacturer Inspur Group with a 5.5 million U.S. dollars interest-free loan committed by the Chinese government.

http://allafrica.com/stories/201502091307.html

China’s Tianhe-2 takes 4th fastest supercomputer crown

2014-11-17

  • WASHINGTON, Nov. 17 (Xinhua) — For the fourth consecutive time, Tianhe-2, developed by China’s National University of Defense Technology, has retained the top spot as the world’s fastest supercomputer, according to a biannual Top500 list of supercomputers released here on Monday.

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014-11/17/c_127221761.htm

China’s supercomputer serves ‘smart city’ construction

2014-08-18

  • TIANJIN – The assembly of China’s next mega metropolis may leave architects and civil engineers feeling left out. Developers with China’s Tianhe-1A, one of the world’s fastest supercomputers, are tapping into the binary brain’s higher functions, moving it beyond animation and Internet financing to help in the construction of new “smart cities”, said a researcher on Monday.
  • The costs and building materials, down to which types of cement and steel are needed, can be figured out through the computer’s virtual designing software prior to the completion of a building, he said.

http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/business/tech/2014-08/18/content_18441321.htm

Tianhe-2 fuels China’s sci-tech progress

2014-06-26

  • GUANGZHOU, June 26 (Xinhua) – China’s Tianhe-2, the world’s fastest supercomputer, is boosting science and technological development at home and abroad.
  • “It represents a significant change from ‘Made in China’ to made with China’s wisdom,” said Yuan Xuefeng, director with the center.
  • “It is driving multiple industries and sci-tech projects with secure high-speed development. It can handle high levels of analyzing, computing and processing,” said Yuan.

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014-06/26/c_133439699.htm

China’s Tianhe-2 remains world’s fastest supercomputer for third time

2014-06-23

  • WASHINGTON, June 23 (Xinhua) — China’s Tianhe-2 supercomputer, with a performance of 33.86 petaflops per second (Pflops/s), retained the title of the world’s fastest system for the third consecutive time, according to a biannual Top500 list of supercomputers released Monday.
  • Tianhe-2 “features a number of Chinese-developed components, including the TH Express-2 interconnect network, front-end processors, operating system and software tools,” the list said.

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2014-06/23/c_133430305.htm

The world’s fastest supercomputer Tianhe-2 undergoing trials

April 16, 2014

  • According to a report from Yangcheng Evening News, Tianhe-2 has started to provide computing services to the public while in-system debugging is ongoing. The first beneficiaries are users of the previous pilot system.

http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/98649/8599405.html

Peek into China’s Plans for Top Supercomputer Shows No Slowdown

March 20, 2014

  • Tianhe-2 is entering its second stage, as expected, with this upgrade although just how much of a kicker it would get was unknown when the development plans were described over the last year. The name is not expected to change and from what we’re able to see from the light, early details, it wouldn’t be fitting since this looks to be a refresh and upgrade versus any rip and replace of the Xeon Phi/Xeon and FT-1500 approach.
  • The real story behind the Tianhe-2 kick is probably going to be around the custom TH-express interconnect, which Lu said would be getting a name upgrade (now called the TH-express+2). Whether that means it’s doubly fast or not remains to be seen. Again, we’ll report on details as soon as we have them.

http://www.hpcwire.com/2014/03/20/peek-chinas-plans-top-supercomputer-shows-slowdown/

Chinese supercomputer twice as fast as closest US rival

November 18, 2013

  • China’s showpiece Tianhe-2 computer is almost twice as fast as its nearest rival, according to a new ranking. But the simple benchmark used to rate the powerful “research and education tool” may not effectively measure the supercomputer’s true usefulness. Tianhe-2, which means ‘Milkyway 2,’ runs at 33.86 petaflops. This is equivalent to 33,863 trillion calculations per second. The device, which uses US-designed Intel microchips, was turned on earlier this year and is being run by Guangzhou’s city government.

http://rt.com/news/china-supercomputer-record-ranking-925/

China Could Supplant U.S. as the Supercomputing Superpower

06.14.13

  • In fact, the Tianhe-2 is remarkably Chinese. It runs a special version of Linux called Kylin, developed by the National University of Defense Technology. It also has its own homegrown networking gear. It’s even using Chinese processors to power the supercomputer’s management tools. In fact, the only American components are the Intel microprocessors used to do the system’s mathematical calculations.

http://www.wired.com/wiredenterprise/2013/06/tianhe/

China’s Tianhe-2 retakes fastest supercomputer crown

17 June 2013

  • A China-based supercomputer has leapfrogged rivals to be named the world’s most powerful system. Tianhe-2, developed by the government-run National University of Defence Technology, topped the latest list of the fastest 500 supercomputers, by a team of international researchers. They said the news was a “surprise” since the system had not been expected to be ready until 2015.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-22936989

8-core Godson-3B1500 said to be a step forward in China’s effort to reduce its reliance on Intel, AMD and other chip makers

November 20, 2012

  • IDG News Service – China will take the wraps off its latest 8-core Godson processor early next year to show its chip-making ability compared to Intel, Advanced Micro Devices and ARM. Loongson Technology, partly funded by the Chinese Academy of Science, will provide information about the Godson-3B1500, which has a clock speed of 1.35GHz, and provides 172.8 gigaflops of performance while drawing 40 watts of power. The CPU details will be shared next year at the International Solid-State Circuits Conference in San Francisco from Feb. 17-21.

http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9233891/China_set_to_launch_own_chip_for_PCs_servers

China is building a 100-petaflop supercomputer

31 October 2012

  • As the U.S. launched what’s expected to be the world’s fastest supercomputer at 20 petaflops, China is building a machine that is intended to be five times faster when it is deployed in 2015. China’s Tianhe-2 supercomputer will run at 100 petaflops (quadrillion floating-point calculations per second), according to the Guangzhou Supercomputing Center, where the machine will be housed.

http://www.pcadvisor.co.uk/news/enterprise/3408203/china-is-building-100-petaflop-supercomputer/

China makes headway in mass memory system

May 05, 2012

  • As a research achievement of the key technologies and important projects of the mass memory system of the “863 Program of the 11th Five-Year Plan,” the PB-level (1PB=1000TB, 1TB=1000GB) high-performance mass memory system independently developed by the Inspur Group passed the national examination and was accepted in March.
  • It is the first memory system of the multi-controller and full-exchanging structure successfully developed by China and indicates that China has made an important breakthrough in the high-end memory realm. It has broken foreign companies’ long-term technological and market monopolies and made China the third country mastering core technologies of the high-end memory realm after the United States and Japan.

http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/202936/7808581.html

China Has Homemade Supercomputer Gain

October 28, 2011

  • China has made its first supercomputer based on Chinese microprocessor chips, an advance that surprised high-performance computing specialists in the United States. The announcement was made this week at a technical meeting held in Jinan, China, organized by industry and government organizations. The new machine, the Sunway BlueLight MPP, was installed in September at the National Supercomputer Center in Jinan, the capital of Shandong Province in eastern China.
  • The Sunway system, which can perform about 1,000 trillion calculations per second — a petaflop — will probably rank among the 20 fastest computers in the world. More significantly, it is composed of 8,700 ShenWei SW1600 microprocessors, designed at a Chinese computer institute and manufactured in Shanghai.

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/29/world/asia/china-unveils-supercomputer-based-on-its-own-microprocessor-chips.html

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